National Association of Immigration Judges v. Neal
Marly Gallardo

National Association of Immigration Judges v. Neal

A lawsuit challenging a government policy silencing immigration judges

On July 1, 2020, the Knight Institute filed a lawsuit challenging a policy of the Executive Office for Immigration Review that imposes an unconstitutional prior restraint on the speech of immigration judges. The policy categorically prohibits immigration judges from speaking or writing publicly in their personal capacities about immigration or about the agency that employs them. On all other topics, the policy requires immigration judges to obtain EOIR’s prior approval.

The Knight Institute represents the National Association of Immigration Judges (NAIJ), a non-partisan, non-profit voluntary association that represents all non-managerial immigration judges in the United States. For years, members of NAIJ regularly spoke at conferences, guest lectured at universities and law schools, participated in immigration-law trainings, and spoke to local community groups, all in their personal capacities. But in 2017, EOIR issued a speaking-engagement policy that sharply curtailed the ability of immigration judges to speak publicly in their personal capacities. A revised version of the policy, issued in 2020, is even more restrictive. On October 12, 2021, EOIR issued a new speaking-engagement policy, which cancels its earlier policy.

The lawsuit argues that the policy violates the First Amendment right of immigration judges to speak publicly on matters of public concern, and the First Amendment right of the public to hear them. It also argues that the policy is void for vagueness under the First and Fifth Amendments.

Status: On September 21, 2023, the district court granted the Government's motion to dismiss the case.

Case information: Nat'l Ass'n of Immigration Judges v. Neal, No. 1:20-cv-00731 (E.D. Va.), No. 20-1868 and 23-2235 (4th Cir.).

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